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Las 4 dimensiones

1 Introducción

El módulo 3 en su totalidad presenta las características básicas de cada una de las dimensiones que se han descrito en el módulo 1, y a las que podemos acceder pinchando 1. en la barra de menú al principio de esta página (o incluso aquí, Individuo, Metafísica., Naturaleza, Sociedad) o 2. en las imágenes que aparecen al final de la página. Cada una de las dimensiones tiene sus propias características que la diferencian de manera sustancial de las demás dimensiones. Es importante conocer estas características.

Sin embargo, antes de adentrarnos en las características de cada dimensión, no está de más tener en cuenta que la sociedad occidental moderna favorece ciertos patrones a la hora de distribuir las dimensiones. Los patrones más típicos son los siguientes:

 

 
DE
A
MOVIMIENTO
Individualidad
Naturaleza
Metafísica
Naturaleza / sociedad
OPOSICIÓN

 

Naturaleza (& individualidad)

 

Sociedad (& metafísica)

 
ENTRE
Y

 

En el patrón más típico la individualidad se une a la naturaleza, y ambos se oponen a la sociedad, que a veces aparece acompañada de la metafísica. Otro patrón típico está constituido por el movimiento desde la metafísica hacia la naturaleza y la sociedad. En los módulos 3.1-3.4 estos patrones aparecerán en diferentes momentos, pero también se mostrarán patrones menos usuales.

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2 An example of typical movements

The most typical patterm of dimensional distribution can be well observed in W. B Yeats’s fine poem “An Irishman foresees His Death”:

An Irishman foresees His Death

 
I KNOW that I shall meet my fate  
Somewhere among the clouds above;  
Those that I fight I do not hate  
Those that I guard I do not love;  
My country is Kiltartan Cross, 5
My countrymen Kiltartan’s poor,  
No likely end could bring them loss  
Or leave them happier than before.  
Nor law, nor duty bade me fight,  
Nor public man, nor cheering crowds, 10
A lonely impulse of delight  
Drove to this tumult in the clouds;  
I balanced all, brought all to mind,  
The years to come seemed waste of breath,  
A waste of breath the years behind 15
In balance with this life, this death.  

 

I, nature and society:

In the first part of the poem (ll. 1-10) everything social – “Those that I fight” and “guard”, “Kiltartan’s poor” the “law”, “duty”, “public man” and “cheering crowds” – is indifferent to the persona’s individual will to fight - none of these “bade me fight” - as it does not affect his natural feelings - the persona does neither hate (l. 3) nor love (l. 4). In this initial part of the poem, the social dimension is therefore opposed to the feeling of the persona. Society thus opposes nature (feeling) and individuality (it's the persona's feeling).

In the second part (ll. 11-16) the “lonely impulse of delight” definitely establishes what was before only a loose and conjectural bond between the individual and the natural dimension, and their antagonism towards society. The individual will is now activated by a feeling, and that feeling emphasises the separation of persona and society.

Metaphysics:

The first part already suggests the metaphysical dimension, for the airman knows he has to meet his fate. The meaning of that fate is, however, neither explained nor put in connection with the other dimensions. But in the second part metaphysics joins individuality and nature, for individuality and feeling lead to death: “In balance with this [social] life, this death [informed by the lonely impulse of delight]” (l. 16) . Initially, society is equated with life and individuality and nature with death. A further step, however, could well bring us to acknowledge that the kind of social life that exists in the text is akin to death in life, given that social life is “A waste of breath” (l. 15). Thus this text presents an opposition between an individualism - understood in natural terms - and society. But both individualism and society have a further metaphysical significance in their association with death.

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3 Las dimensiones

Pincha en cada una de estas imágenes para acceder a los módulos 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, y 3.4:

 

 

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3.1

INDIVIDUALITY

 

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3.2

METAPHYSICS

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3.3

 

NATURE

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3.4

SOCIETY

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origen de las imágenes utilizadas:

 

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daniel.candel@uah.es | ©2008 Daniel Candel Bormann