JUSTDOLIT: a single tool to analyse all texts

If you want to know more: Reading & psycholinguistics

Research in reading models reading as a “psycholinguistic guessing game” in which new ideas are only meaningful when related to something already known (Goodman 1967). Such guessing inevitably involves the use of “schemata, or knowledge already stored in memory”, which are essential for “the process of interpreting new information and allowing it to enter and become part of the knowledge store” (Anderson & Pearson 1988: 37). Understanding texts therefore necessarily involves starting from your initial stereotype and confronting it with whatever the text says, for

it is this interaction of new information with old knowledge which we mean when we use the term comprehension. To say that one has comprehended a text is to say that she has found a mental ‘home’ for the information in the text, or else that she has modified an existing mental home to accommodate that new information. (37)

Moreover, it does so “whether we are aware of it or not” (37), so why not make that stereotype conscious? Only if we become conscious of our stereotypes may we liberate ourselves from those false aspects of reality our minds entertain.

works cited

Anderson, Richard C.  & Pearson, David P. “A Schema-Theoretic View of Basic Processes in Reading Comprehension”. Interactive Approaches to Second Language Reading. Eds. Carrel, Patricia, Joanne Devine & David E. Eskey. Cambridge: Cambridge UP: 1988: 37-55.

Goodman, Kenneth S. 1967. “Reading. A Psycholinguistic Guessing-Game”. Journal of the Reading Specialist. 6 (1): 126-35.

daniel.candel@uah.es ©2008 Daniel Candel Bormann